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2018杨石先讲座-James Fraser Stoddart教授

J Fraser Stoddart(2016年诺贝尔化学奖得主)——西北大学化学学院董事会教授


全名:James Fraser Stoddart






学士学位            (1964)      爱丁堡大学

博士学位            (1966)      爱丁堡大学

理学博士            (1980)      爱丁堡大学

博士导师                          Edmund Hirst

D M W Anderson  

博士后导师                        J K N Jones

W D Ollis


Fraser Stoddart先生现任美国西北大学化学学院董事会教授。在此之前曾于1997-2002年出任美国加州大学洛杉矶分校化学学院教授,于此期间还担任过美国加州大学洛杉矶分校的纳米科学学院院长。并于2002-2007年出任加州纳米技术研究院主任。Stoddart教授提出运用模板合成的方法合成以轮烷和索烃为代表的分子机械互锁结构,以此推动了分子识别与自组装研究方向上的进步。这些分子机械互锁结构可以被用来制造分子梭、分子开关和分子机器,比如人造分子泵等代表性结构。他曾在爱丁堡大学获得了学士、博士、理学博士学位,于1967-1970年间在加拿大女王大学工作,1978-1981年间在帝国化学工业公司实验室工作,1970-1990年间在英国谢菲尔德大学工作,1990-1997年间在英国伯明翰大学工作,并于1997年迁往美国。在2007年,Stoddart教授被女王伊莉莎白二世授予爵位以表彰他在化学与纳米科学领域的贡献。Stoddart教授还是是英国皇家学会院士、德国自然科学院院士、荷兰皇家艺术与科学学院院士、爱丁堡皇家学会院士以及英国皇家化学会院士。他获得的奖项包括2007年费萨尔国王科学国际奖、2007年阿尔伯特•爱因斯坦纳米技术世界奖、2007年费曼纳米技术奖、2010年皇家勋章、2016年诺贝尔化学奖。他于2012年当选为美国文理科学院成员、2014年当选为美国国家科学院成员、2017年当选欧盟科学院成员、2018年当选为中国科学院外籍院士。


Sir Fraser Stoddart

Fraser Stoddart, presently a Board of Trustees Professor of Chemistry at Northwestern University, was previously (1997–2002) the Saul Winstein Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) before holding the Fred Kavli Chair of NanoSystems Sciences at UCLA while he was the Director of the California NanoSystems Institute (CNSI) from 2002–2007.  Stoddart has pioneered the development of the use of molecular recognition and self-assembly processes in template-directed protocols for the synthesis of mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs), such as catenanes and rotaxanes. These MIMs led to the design and syntheses of molecular shuttles, switches, and machines, such as artificial molecular pumps. Sir Fraser obtained all his degrees (BSc, PhD, DSc) from Edinburgh University and has spent time (1967–1970) at Queen’s University in Canada, Imperial Chemical Industries’ Corporate Laboratory (1978–1981), as well as at the Universities of Sheffield (1970–1990) and Birmingham (1990–1997) in the UK before moving to the US in 1997.  He was made a Knight Bachelor by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in her 2007 New Year’s Honors List for his services to chemistry and molecular nanotechnology.  He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, the German Academy (Leopoldina) of Natural Sciences, and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Royal Society of Chemistry.  His many awards include the King Faisal International Prize in Science (2007), the Albert Einstein World Prize in Nanotechnology (2007), the Feynman Prize in Nanotechnology (2007), the Royal Medal (2010), and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2016). He was elected a Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2012, the National Academy of Sciences in 2014, the EU Academy of Science in 2017 and a Foreign Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2018.

Some measure of the influence and impact of Stoddart’s work may be drawn from citation statistics. Three of his >1,000 publications have been cited over 1,000 times, 15 over 500, 27 over 300, 157 over 100, and 335 over 50. He has an h-index of 124. He has given >1,000 plenary/invited lectures. During 45 years, >400 PhD and postdoctoral students have passed through his laboratories and been inspired by his imagination and creativity, and >80 have subsequently embarked upon successful independent academic careers.